Thursday, December 12, 2013

Thanksgiving and Temple Trip...

November 19th we flew to Apia to attend the temple with Richard & Myra and Henry and Judith and their son Vince.  It was so awesome to be part of their special day. 
Henry Whuillas, Ali Pili, Judith Whullas, Patriarch Pili, Barbara Autele,
Myra and Richard Arcillia
Being in the temple in and of itself is such a great experience, but being their to see families united for eternity is a like the icing on the cake!  The missionary that baptized them was able to attend as well – making it even more special!
The same week-end we spent a day with Budgett’s,  Spencer’s and Gertsch’s at the beach and enjoyed being together for the last time before they all leave to go home.       When they leave we will be the ‘senior’, senior couple in the mission.  Other than President and Sister Leota, we will have been here longer than any other senior couple.  We have said goodbye to 12 other couples, but we were in the MTC with
Budgett's Bidding Farewell to Samoa
the Budgett’s and Spencer’s so there is a special connection.  The Gertsch’s have been here almost 2 years and they were institute teachers in Upolu, so we formed a special bond with them.  They have become very special friends…
We also went to a dinner show with the senior couples in the mission.  It was a great show.  The fire dancing was amazing.  It was good to meet the new couples that have arrived since July – the last time we were at mission headquarters. 
We had such a great Thanksgiving Week-end.  We were invited for dinner at Patriarch Pili’s.  There were over 30 people there.  Most were the Filipino members that have been baptized in
Thanksgiving Day
the last year.  Some of them had never had turkey before.  It was fun to see their reaction to our traditional Thanksgiving menu.  Of course we had Filipino food as well.  They are not too big on desserts, but my pies (Lemon Meringue, Banana Crème, and Chocolate) didn’t last very long.  They seemed to enjoy them more than pumpkin pie – but with that many people, it didn’t take long for all the food to be devoured…
On Friday night we attended an island wide Youth Roadshow.  It was held at the football stadium and there were about 3,000 there.  It was quite A HAPPENING!!!!!  It was like the
Island Wide Roadshow (5 stakes)
celebrations they have when a new temple is dedicated.  Even as long as we have been here, we never cease to be amazed at the musical talent the island people are blessed with.  Even the teen-age boys join in with enthusiasm – they don’t have to be coaxed or bribed into participating.
Saturday morning we attended a Samoan Day celebration at the Mesepa 1st Ward.  Again we were able to witness beautiful dances, Samoan games, and traditional Umu cooking.  The Relief Society was in charge and divided the families into three groups.  Each group was responsible
Samoan Days - Makeke Ward
to present a traditional dance and skit.  They all had a moral and each group had a special ‘princess’ seemed to pull the theme of their message together.  Each group had a different color and the princess wore a dress in the color of the group – the cool thing was the dresses had to be made out of plants and flowers of their color.  The games were competition games between the groups.  One of the games they played was a race to see who could peel Samoan bananas the fastest.  The type of banana they peeled is very large and the skins are tough – so they use a knife to cut them off.  After the bananas were peeled they were baked
Cooking in the Umu
in the Umu as part of the meal we all enjoyed.  This activity started at 5:00 AM and went until about noon.  It rained off and on all morning, but that didn’t stop the activities.  They just played and entertained in the rain…
That afternoon we were invited to a traditional Samoan wedding reception.  The bride and groom and been married several days earlier in the temple.  The bride had 10 bridesmaids and the groom had the same number of groomsmen.  They started out with several dances – signifying different things.  One was
done by the wedding attendants, another by the members of bride’s family, another by the groom’s family, one by the teachers at the school where the bride works, another by leaders of the ward/stake that had influenced them as they were growing up, and of course the last dance with the bride and her dad.  They had a wedding cake that was 15 different cakes on a heart- shaped rack.  After the bride and groom cut the cake the attendants served it to everyone present – that was after they served dinner to all in attendance.   It was quite  the celebration and an honor for us to be invited.

After the wedding we attended a baptism – the first one for one our newest missionaries.  Baptisms are always special, but when it is a ‘first’ one it is even more special.
In between everything, we went to the post office to pick up mail.  The entire van was filled with boxes.  After we separated it and boxed up the packages/boxes to be sent by small plane to the mission office the total weight was over 500 pounds.  Christmas mail for over 200 missionaries can be a challenge!
Today, Monday 12/2/13, we flew back to Apia for a four day Seminary/Institute seminar.  We are looking forward to being taught by the CES directors from New Zealand. 

Before we left we picked a bunch of bananas from one of our banana trees. One of the delights of being here is enjoying the fruit that grows so plentifully.  We should have another pineapple ready to pick in the next couple of weeks.
When we were in Apia on July we ordered this beautiful hand carved nativity from a wood carver.  The FALE that houses the figures is about 18” tall.  The challenge will be to pack it securely so it will not be damaged when we send it home.

Fire Dancer in Dinner/Show
Dinner/show with Senior Missionaries

We are looking forward to spending one more Christmas on this beautiful island, although we will miss being with our family.  The things we have been able to experience on our mission will be forever etched in our hearts.  WE ARE SO LUCKY!!!
The show was incredible...

Thursday, November 14, 2013

November 12, 2013

November 12, 2013
 The last few weeks have been filled with so many memories and experiences and as we look back we realize just how fast this mission experience is going and we find ourselves wanting to slow down time…  We have learned so many things while serving in Samoa and are so thankful for the experiences we have been blessed with.  Some of our cherished memories we share with those we love….

There are so many beautiful flowers here on the island!!!
This one grows from a pod that resembles a star.  The flower is so delicate – it almost fell apart in my hand when I picked it up.

We had a fun Halloween giving out candy to the local village children.  We had about 200 children Trick or Treat at our house.  It was so fun to see their excitement.  Some had bags for their candy, and others just ate it as they got it…  It made us miss giving out candy to all the kids at home. 
… Special note to the Turcsanski children – we are looking forward to your visits when we get home!  Are Tootsie Rolls still your favorite candy?
One of the customs here is to remove your shoes before you enter a house.  This is our neighbor’s doorstep one night when we shared family home evening with them and some of our Filipino friends. 

The work is hastening on this island.  We average 8 – 10 baptisms a week between the 5 stakes.  When we got here there was a handful of Filipinos who were members.  In just 15 months there have been so many join the church that it won’t be too long before a Filipino branch will be created.  We hope we have the blessing of being here when it happens.  We are looking forward to attending the temple in a couple of weeks with two couples that we were instrumental in their conversion and they have become very good friends.  We are so excited for them to be able to be sealed as a family for Time and Eternity!
Henry, Judith and Vince Willis
When the storm hit the Philippines last week, and because many of the Filipinos here still have family in the Philippines there has been a lot of concern and many prayers offered for the safety of their loved ones.   A fund-raiser was organized to help those affected by the storm, and it was amazing to watch the entire island come together in support of their cause.  It is humbling to witness the support and out-pouring of love the people of this island (no matter their nationality) have for those in need.  So many of them barely
have enough for themselves, yet they don’t hesitate to give – sometimes all the cash they have – not knowing if they will have money for the next day to buy food.  It makes the story of the Widow’s Mite a reality…  We have learned so much from the wonderful people on this island!
This week Jim and Cherri Budgett, a couple we met in the MTC, visited us from Savaii where they have been serving as ITEP missionaries.
Bidding farewell to the Budgett's
They finish their mission the end of this month.  They, along with the Spencer’s, who will be leaving in early December, are like family to us.  It was hard to bid them farewell.  Even though we said we would keep in touch, life happens, and we know that our association will not be as close and frequent as we would like.    
The young men and the young women enjoy many of the same activities as our youth at home, but one of the activities they enjoy is Ward Mission Day.  They gather and go out as companionships to share their testimonies with non-members in their ward. 
Young Men on Missionary Day...
Some wards even have blank missionary badges (no names on them) for them to wear as they participate together.   They are not ashamed of the Gospel and are willing to share it. They approach this activity with so much enthusiasm.  They seem to approach service projects with the same attitude.  We could all take a lesson from them.  I know that sometimes when I have the opportunity to serve I do it out of obligation rather than love.   I hope that I can learn from their example.
Young Women enjoying Missionary Day...

Last week our institute director, Sonny Aiono, was in New Zealand for meetings and so he asked us to teach his classes for him.  Teaching extra classes was no big deal, but switching gears every hour to teach different subjects was a challenge, especially since the same principles were being discussed in each lesson and the basically the same students are in the classes.  Needless to say, we (well Dennis) had to do some creative thinking to come up with different ways to teach the lessons.  He taught Missionary Preparation, Doctrine and Covenants and Book of Mormon one day and the next day he taught Old Testament.  The subject I was teaching in the Gospel and Productive Life course was on Celestial Marriage.  The class I taught for Sonny was the course on Celestial Marriage.  So I had to come up with some new material to teach because what was in the manual was the same as I had already taught for two class sessions in my own class.  The 2nd lesson I taught for him (also from the Celestial Marriage manual) was titled Intimacy in Marriage.  That in and of itself was a challenge because in this culture there are certain subjects you just don’t talk about… intimacy being one!  But with the Lord’s help we were able to have a great discussion and I think from their comments that it went well.  Despite the challenges, teaching those extra classes was a blessing to us, and challenges always make us grow…

We took some pictures of some of the construction practices here.  No doubt that OSHA would have a holiday here!  The picture on the right was taken through the windshield in the rain, but you can see the lack of mortar in between the cinderblocks...
Todd, if we finished concrete like this we would be fired...
We got home the other night and someone had left a bag of avocados hanging on our door.  There were 6 of them in the bag – and the smallest one was about the size of a coconut – the six avocados almost filled the brown grocery sack.  I made 8 sandwiches from one avocado.  What a treat!
The next night we were given a large papaya. (picture)  I ground it up to put in papaya bread (I use my banana bread recipe) and it was enough to make ten small loafs.  Our missionaries love it when we give them banana or papaya bread – especially when I put chocolate chips in it.  The pictures show the Papaya on a dinner plate before we cut it.
The seeds remind me of the ones you buy for fish bait.  The smell is really unique.  It took a while to get used to it.  Smells like vomit….  But the fruit is really good…..

We were delivering supplies and mail to the missionaries on the other side of the island and saw a long boat in the harbor getting ready to do a practice run.  It is so fun to see all those rowers working together to propel the boat through the water.  (picture)  I can’t believe how fast and how smooth the boat glides through the water when they are all working together.  There is a lesson to be learned here – how smoothly things can go when we all work together for the same purpose.

Count the number of rowers….

The following is our ‘mission miracle’ for the month…
We received an email from Sister Evans - Elder Evans’ (Teancum Zone Leader) mother. She said there was a Brother Sasa in their ward whose father, living in American Samoa, was really sick and in intensive care at the hospital. She wondered if her son and his companion, Elder Jensen could give him a blessing.  She explained that he was not a member of the Church, but his son, who is a member, was anxious to have his father receive a priesthood blessing.  The elders
Every rower must be in unison...
went and found the man hovering between life and death.  No one from the family was there, but they gave him a blessing and asked the nurse to let the family know they had been there.  Dennis told them they should go back when the family was there so that they would know of their brother’s request.  When they went back to the hospital they found the bed empty where the man had been.  Because of how sick he had been they assumed that he had died.  But the nurse told them that he had been moved to the ward.  Surprised by that news they proceeded to find his room.  When they got to the door the man looked up and said his two daughters (who had come from the states to bid their father farewell, and to plan his funeral),  “These are the two young men that put their hands on my head and healed me!” 
When the elders told them that they had given their father a blessing at the request of their brother they were very surprised.  They said they didn’t even know that their brother had joined the Mormon Church.  The father told the elders that he hadn’t been able to walk for a long time, but since his blessing he has been able to walk. 
A week after the blessing the father was vacationing with his two daughters on Savaii – walking only with a cane.
Brother Sasa told Sister Evans that he hasn’t talked to his father for over 10 years, and they haven’t seen each other in almost 20 years.  Since that miracle blessing, father and son have reconciled and the son is planning a trip with his family to visit his father.  The father told his son that he wanted him to come visit and that he wanted to take him to the temple…  The door was opened in a miraculous way and missionaries have contacted the elder Brother Sasa to share the Gospel with him!
Bread dough wrapped in banana leaves and baked in the coals…  It is delicious!

Life is GOOD and part of what makes it special is our family and friends.  We love you all!   

Thursday, October 24, 2013

Week Ending October 25th

September came and went so fast that we hardly had a chance to catch our breath, and now October is all but gone.  Some of the highlights of the past couple of months include:
We were able to attend another baptism on the Island of Aunu’u. 
Elder Willden and Elder Luthold
It was so great to see everyone from the branch again.  The Goodlet’s, a senior couple  from Austrailia – (serving in Apia) were visiting for a few days and they went with us. 
On the boat going to the Islan of Aunu'u
We loved sharing the spirit of the people and the island with them.  It had stormed earlier in the day and so when we went over to the island we did so on an angry sea.  The boat was full to capacity.  Many members had attended the Relief Society Broadcast earlier and had taken the opportunity of doing some shopping while on the main island.  So not only was there standing room only, but the deck was loaded with groceries and goods from their shopping trip.  We rocked and rolled all the way over – hoping that nothing would fall over the side – including people…  However, when we returned it was just getting dark and the ocean had calmed considerably to large rolling swells.  The moon was shinning on the water and there was a balmy ocean breeze blowing through our hair.  It was so peaceful and I found myself thinking to myself, “I can’t believe that I am really here!”  It was a moment in time that will forever be frozen in my memory.  I realized just how fast this mission was going and I have to admit I wished I could just stop time.  I also realized that membership in the Church has provided us with so many opportunities and experiences that we otherwise may never have had the chance to experience.
 We were able to attend several cultural nights at the different wards and stakes. 
We never tire of watching the dancing and listening to the singing.  The dancers practice for weeks in preparation and they love performing.  The smiles on their faces are proof of that. 
We had an elder who met with a strange accident.  He kicked a glass coke bottle that was sticking up in the ground, and when it didn’t come loose, he reached down to pull it out.  The bottle broke in his hands.  Elder Fisher ended up with stitches on both index fingers.  The doctor gave him two bits of advice.  “Don’t get them wet, and don’t pick your nose.”  We all had a good laugh in spite of his injuries. 
Elder Fisher lost his battle with a Coke bottle...
Of course, by the time we were through in the ER the pharmacy was closed, so we had to go back the next morning (Sunday) for his prescriptions.  Because of our two hour wait we were almost missed church.  
We had an institute party at Lion’s Park.  We played volleyball, basketball, lots of water games (which turned into a water and shaving cream fight - Dennis missed his squirt gun), and of course had plenty of good food.  There were about 75 – 80 in attendance and everyone had a great time.  Being with these young people is such an awesome thing for us.  We have grown to love them all.
Institute Party

Shaving Cream anyone...

  When the cruise ships come in one of the members does a cultural show and demonstration at their home.  We have been invited to attend several times, and finally had a free afternoon when we could attend.  I wish I could scale a coconut tree like they do. 

We attended an outdoor Relief Society Bazaar.  The difference is that the members bring their handicrafts to sell and they keep the money.  But, it was great to see the variety of crafts they had.   
We bought a quilt from one sister.  The workmanship is far inferior to beautiful quilts that Melissa makes, but it too will be a treasure as we remember our days on this beautiful island.  I plan on putting it in our trailer to snuggle up in on those cold nights while camping (cold nights are not something we experience here)…
Quilt was made by this sister.  She was so pleased that
we wanted to buy it...

We witnessed another baptism in the ocean.  It was really special.  We had to laugh though – Elder Siilata, the missionary performing the baptism kind of ‘slipped’ into the water after the baptism was done.  He said it was as close as he would get to swimming in the ocean while in Samoa…  I joked that an octopus must have reached up and grabbed his foot and pulled him under…
We had the opportunity to entertain 3 young men from the states.  One (Jono) is a cousin to Kaley Cook, a schoolteacher who was teaching at Viola College when we met her.  He is a
Jono, Carolo and Elliott 
return missionary and came to Samoa with two friends from high school.  He called us to get some information about what to see and do while they were here.  We invited them for Sunday dinner and spent a great afternoon with them.  His two friends (non-members) were delightful and held the church in very high regard.  They are all college students.  Jono is attending BYU – and was a roommate to one of our return missionaries - Elder Schory.   It is such a small world…
We were also able to attend another awesome zone conference and be taught under the tutelage of our awesome mission president.  He and his wife are such an inspiration to be around and the spirit they bring with them is amazing.

We had a fine mat made for us by a family in Apia.  We could have bought one at the market, but having one made especially for us makes it even more special.  
They said they were the ones to feel honored – to be asked by a missionary couple to make it.
Our FINE MAT in progress...
We bid farewell to several more of our students as they left to serve missions.  It is so great to see them go, but sad at the same time because we realize that we probably will never see them again.  
Bidding farewell to one of our students
Taena Taupua - heading to the Utah Central Mission - she will be
serving in our home stake...
We are getting ready for Halloween next week.  Last year we were not sure we would have any children Trick or Treat at our house.  But we ended up with over a hundred little visitors.  It was really fun to see their excitement…  This year the ward we go to is having a Trunk or Treat at the football stadium.  I am sure there will be children from all over the island – so I told Dennis we better buy plenty of candy (Lollies).

Jason Tufele headed to the Philippines
We don't know which is more beautiful, the baskets we bought,
or the smile on the weavers face...

Stake Dance in Malaeimi Stake

Cultural Night - Central Stake

Preparing lunch - institute party

Anyone for a swim...

Sunday, October 20, 2013

Facts About American Samoa - Island of Tutuila

Our grandson, Landon requested some information about American Samoa (Island of Tutuila) for a school report.  I thought the information I sent might be of interest to those following our blog…

Facts about American Samoa….
  There are four major islands that make up the country of American Samoa.The largest is Tutuila.  It is approximately 21 miles long and 3 miles wide.   The other islands are Ta’u and Ofu and Aunu’u.  Ta’u and Ofu are about 30 minutes away by plane.  Aunu’u is about a mile off the South East end of Tutuila.  
It takes about ½ hour to get there by boat.  There is quick sand on this island that you can hike to.  Dolphins, sharks, and whales can often been seen while riding the boat over to the island.  They have an elementary school there, but students in 9th – 12th grade ride the boat over to the main island to attend school. 
Island of Aunu'u

American Samoa is a territory of the United States, but they have their own government.  They don’t vote for the president of the United States, but they do have Senators and people in the House of Representatives. 
·      Postage is the same as in the United States.  It cost the same to mail a letter to American Samoa as it does to mail one in the States.
·      Estimated population is 50,000 – 65,000
·      The weather is very mild – averaging 85 degrees year round.    But with the heat index it feels like 100 to 105 degrees.  In May – September there are trade winds, and it seems a little cooler – even though the temperature does not vary more than about 5 degree.  It rains almost every day, but the rain is warm.  It can be sunny, with no clouds in the sky and 15 minutes later it is raining so hard you can’t see 20 feet ahead of you.  But just as quickly as it starts it stops and the sun comes out again.  It is not unusual to see people riding in the backs of trucks in a downpour of rain.  They are soaking wet, but it doesn’t seem to bother them.  Because Samoa is in the Southern Hemisphere the winter months are just opposite of the USA.  December is very hot and humid.   November  - March is the hurricane (they call them cyclones here) season.  They also experience earthquakes and with it come the threat of a tsunami.  Last December a cyclone hit Western Samoa, 40 miles away, but it didn’t hit Tutuila.  However, in 2009 there was a terrible tsunami that did major damage to the island.  There is still evidence of the devastation from it today.
Boat to the Island of Aunu'u

·      There is one main road that winds along the south side of the island.  It does not go all around the island.   On the North side of the island high mountains rise straight up from the ocean.  There isn’t room to build a highway on that side of the island.  Other than the main road most are single lane and full of potholes.   Many are just dirt and all the roads – paved or dirt VERY BUMPY…  and full of potholes.
·      The maximum speed limit is 25 MPH.  All the school zones are 20 MPH, day and night, even when school is not in session.
·      There is one national park which comprises the mountains along the North side of the island.  There are a few hiking trails, but the park is not as developed as most of the national parks in the States.  The other islands have areas designated as part of the national park – but it is considered as ‘one’ park even though it is located on three islands.
National Park in American Samoa
·      The island is very green with dense foliage and there are many varieties of flowers.  The national flower is the Teuila (a red ginger flower). 
In fact they have a week-long Teuila Festival every year.  Everyone celebrates with traditional food and dancing.
·      The island is divided into villages.  Pago Pago  (pronounced pongo) is the only town in American Samoa.  It is kind of like the capitol - where the government offices, governor’s house, post office and the market is located.  The harbor headquarters is also located in Pago Pago.
·      The harbor is the deepest harbor in the Pacific.  During World War II it played a very important role because of its depth and location.   You can see concrete bunkers along the beaches even today.
·      The harbor is also a popular place for sailboats to anchor.  There are usually about 20 – 25 sailboats in the harbor at any given time.  The people who own them usually live on them year round and sail from island to island in the Pacific.
Cruise Ship

·      Cruise ships visit the island several times a month.
·      The Pago Pago International Airport is in the village of Taufna and is serviced by Hawaiian Air and flights come from Hawaii on either Thursday or Friday and Monday nights.  Polynesian Airlines flies small planes several times a day between American and Western Samoa.  If you want to fly to New Zealand or Australia, or any of the other Pacific Islands you have to fly out of Western Samoa.
·       The only industry is the tuna factory.  The people here call it “The Company”.  The hourly wage for workers is about $2.00 an hour.
Each village is run and governed by the High Chief  (Matai)of the village.  He is the one who makes the major decisions for how to run the village.  There is also a Talking Chief  - who does the talking for the High Chief.  He carries a stick – like a long cane.  It has intricate carvings on it.  When he stands and holds the stick everyone has to stop talking and listen.  He also has a Fua (like a very large fly swatter that he flips over his shoulder when he wants to get your attention.  There are other men who make up the village council.
SA Council Meeting
·      Most villages have a SA (pronounced saw) every night at 6:00.  The men and older boys of the village stand along the roads for about 15 minutes.  During that time the rest of the family are inside the house having family prayer.  If you are on the street, driving you have to pull over and wait for the SA to end.  If you are walking, you have sit down on the side of the road. There is no talking – everyone is supposed to be praying or meditating.  They ring a bell to start and end the SA.  They all dress alike in white shirts and different colored lava’s (mens skirts).  It is quite impressive and a wonderful custom.
·      Everyone is very religious, and everyone on the island are Christians (meaning they believe in Jesus Christ).  There are a variety of religions on the island, and everyone seems to respect each other’s beliefs.  For the most part people do not put down other religions.   
     Parties or celebrations are called FIA FIA’s.    
Dancing at a FIA FIA
That word can also mean Happy or Smile.
     If someone wants to live in the village, they get permission from the Matai and are allowed to build their house.  They have to pay for the house, but the land does not belong to them – it belongs to the village.  So if someone in your family breaks the rules of the village, or brings disgrace to it, the entire family can be asked to leave.  If that happens they have to leave their house and try to find another village where that will let them live there.  No one moves into the house however, because as soon as the person who disgraced the village has made restitution the family is welcomed back.  Sometimes it can be as simple as a teen-age son coming home drunk, or getting in trouble with the law and the whole family has to move.   Because of this practice, people on the island can have several houses on the island.  So you see lots of empty houses that no one is living in.
·      There are no tall buildings on the island.  The tallest building is 3 stories.  
    There are no addresses on the island.  When you ask people where they live, they tell you the name of the village.  Once you find the village almost everyone can direct you to the house you are looking for.  Usually their directions go something like… go to the blue house, pass the large coconut tree to the banana grove.  There will be a stone wall on the right.  Go past the wall to the 2nd dirt road.  But don’t turn on the road, continue to the back and they live in the green house by the large Mango tree.  When people from Mesepa (the village where we live) need something delivered they usually say go to the first house (which is ours) on the road leading to Mesepa.  We will meet you there.   Sometimes we get things delivered to our house for someone in the village – or we will have things put in our driveway for someone else to pick-up.
    There are very few cemeteries on the island.  Most people bury their family members in their front yard.  Some of the graves can be very elaborate.  Some people even build their houses around the graves and they use the concrete slabs for beds or tables.  They always have flowers and wreaths on the graves.  They are very respectful of their dead. 
One of the graves...

·      There is only one bank on the island.  So it is not unusual to wait 1 – 3 hours to make a deposit or cash a check. 
·      There is only one hospital on the island and the only pharmacy is at the hospital as well.  You have to plan on a minimum of three hours if you have to see a doctor or get a prescription.  
·      There are lots and lots of small stores and shops on the island, but no malls.  Most stores are about the size of a small house in the United States. 
·      Even though American Samoa is a 3rd world country, there are no homeless people – everyone has a house to live in, and no one goes hungry.    It is a society that takes care of everyone.  Most families live in the same village and many live together in the same house.  When the children grow up and get married, they just add another room to the house, or build a  house (called Fale’s) next to the main family home.  As the children are growing up they can be disciplined not only by their parents, but by grandparents and aunties and uncles.  The older siblings and cousins also play a big part in raising the younger children.
·      Grandparents and older people on the island are very respected.
·      If guests are invited to eat, the father (and sometimes the mother) eat with them.  The children eat after…  It is hard to see the children waiting to eat.  If there are no guests, they family usually eats together – but the father is always served first.
·      DRESS
o   They wear uniforms for school.  The boys and the girls all wear lava-lava’s.  Most wear shorts under their lava-lava.

o   The traditional dress for women is a pulitasi – a long skirt and long tunic top.

o   The men wear regular shirts or T-shirts, and most wear lava-lava’s rather than pants.  They are much cooler. 
o   A less formal lava-lava is a large piece of fabric they tie around their waist.  It is called an IE (pronounced EA – long sound)
o   When the men/boys dress up – usually for church they wear ties and beads.
o   Women and girls wear flowers in their hair.  Most have long hair, but they wear it up off their necks most of the time because of the heat.
·      Sports – The most popular sport is volleyball – everyone plays it, but they play football, basketball, cricket, rugby, softball and soccer in the schools as well.  Several players in the NFL are from Tutuila.  Marvin Fanene.  Charlie Tuna is dressed for the 2013 season for a player from American Samoa.
NFL Charlie Tuna
·      Everything that comes to the island comes by airplane or large container ships.  You can always tell when the container ship has come in because the stores are well stocked.  When it has been awhile since a container ship has come the shelves are pretty empty.
·      Because everything has to be imported things are more expensive than in the USA.  Food is about 40 – 50% higher.  A gallon of milk is $11.00. 
·      Electricity is very expensive – so even the large homes on the island (and there are quite a few) usually don’t have air conditioning.  If they do, they hardly ever turn it on. 
·      HOUSES - Most houses are small, but there are some very large homes on the island as well.
  Because of the high humidity and mold, bery few houses have carpet.  Tile or painted floors or most common.  Many people live in open-air fales – with screens made out of leaves that they drop down to keep out the rain. 
·      It is always HOT in the schools.  They open the windows to get air circulation, but then the bugs come in…
·      FOOD – Some of the most popular foods are:
o   Taro – most popular food – you eat the root – a lot like a potato but more bland.
o   Breadfruit – grows on beautiful trees.  It is green and also a lot like a potato.  They boil it or back it in UMU (outside ovens). They also make breadfruit chips by slicing it very thin and deep-frying it.
o   NIU (pronounced new) also called Pe’e Pe’e (prounced pia pia) is the juice (milk) in a new coconut.  They cut off the top and insert a straw.  It is really good and very good for you.  It is the healthiest drink known to man and can prevent many sicknesses.  They eat lots of coconut and use all parts of the fruit and the tree.  Some of the things they use the leaves and bark for are: mats, roofs on their houses, clothing, and baskets for carrying things.
Have a Banana...

Bread Fruit - Kind of like a baked potato...
o   Fruits including bananas (several types), papaya, mango, pineapple, guava, avocados, grapefruit, lemons, star fruit,  and Samoan apples.  
o   They eat lots of different kinds of fish – including octopus and lobster and crab.  There is a crab called the Coconut Crab because the meat tastes like coconut.   The crab actually climbs the coconut tree and cuts down the coconut with his claw.   Then he breaks it open and eats the coconut.
o   There are very few vegetables grown here.  Cucumbers, green onions, Chinese cabbage, corn and tomatoes are about the only ones, and they don’t have much flavor because of the soil – mostly volcanic…
o   They love snack food – especially chips – of any kind
o   They eat a lot of chicken.  Chickens run wild on the island. 
This is our ATTACK Chicken...
They are everywhere…
o   There are two fast food restaurants on the island – McDonalds and Carl’s Jr.  There used to be a Kentucky Fried Chicken and Pizza Hut, but they have both closed down within the last few months.  There was a Subway here, but it didn’t last because the menu was not popular among the Samoan people.
o   They serve very LARGE portions of food
o   The men do most of the cooking – especially when they cook in the UMU (outside oven).
·      There are lots of bats on the island.  They are called flying foxes because they look like foxes.  They are much larger than the bats in the United States.
·      The Banyon Tree is a very large tree that grows everywhere.  It’s trunk looks like dozens of small branches intertwined.
Banyon Tree

·      The women weave large mats from the leaves of trees to sit on – called Fine Mats.   They can be lap size to room size.
·      The men carve very intricate carvings out of Ifiele Wood – a very hard Samoan wood.
·      American Samoa is 6 hours behind the Central Time Zone.  If it is 19:00 in the morning in Louisiana it is 3:00 in the morning in American Samoa.  They do not have Daylight Savings.
·      Western Samoa is a day ahead – if it is on Sunday in American Samoa, it is Monday in Western Samoa.  Western Samoa is in the first time zone and American Samoa is located in the last time zone.